Diwali & Govardhana Puja
Diwali is a five-day festival widely known as the Hindu New Year, and comes from the Sanskrit word dipavali, withdipa meaning lights and vali numerous. The festival is commonly observed by illuminating hundreds of candles in homes, temples and public spaces, and by offering opulent preparations of food to the deity. In ancient times, Diwali was first observed by the citizens of Ayodhya to celebrate the return of their king, Lord Ramachandra, an incarnation of Krishna. The joyful day on which Lord Rama returned from 14 years of exile became known as Diwali. In another era, this was also the day when Lord Krishna performed His childhood pastime of breaking the pots of yogurt and letting Himself be bound by Mother Yashoda.
- Read: The five days of Diwali
The day after Diwali is called Annakuta, or Govardhana Puja. On this day the inhabitants of Vrindavan (Lord Krishna’s abode on Earth) used to hold a festival to honor King Indra, the demigod responsible for providing the rains essential for a successful harvest.
One day, however, sensing that Indra had become overly proud of his position as king of heaven, Lord Krishna convinced the residents of Vrindavan to modify their festival and celebrate Govardhana Hill instead, arguing that it was the fertile soils on the hill that provided the grass upon which the cows and bulls grazed; that the cows and bulls who provided milk and ploughed the lands should be worshiped. This turn of events naturally upset the mighty Indra, who retaliated with terrifying rains and thunderstorms. Seeing this, Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, calmly lifted Govardhana Hill with the little finger of His left hand and held it up like a giant umbrella, providing a shelter for the people and animals of Vrindavan from the torrential downpours. The rains intensified. Indra's fury raged. Finally, after seven days, beholding the wonder of the situation and realizing the futility of his own actions, King Indra surrendered. He came down from the heavens and bowed before Lord Krishna with folded hands, offering prayers and asking for forgiveness. He realized his true position as servant of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In this way Lord Krishna demonstrated that He is Deva Deva, the Lord of the Demigods, and that any purpose for which demigods might be worshiped could easily be served by worshiping Him, the supreme cause of all causes.
Several thousand years later, on this same day, Srila Madhavendra Puri established a temple for the self-manifest Gopala Deity on top of Govardhana Hill.
To celebrate this festival, devotees build a replica of Govardhana Hill made of various opulent foods, worship Lord Krishna as the lifter of Govardhana Hill, worship the hill as His incarnation, and worship the cows and bulls who are dear to the Lord. At the end of the festival, the hill of prasada (sanctified food) is distributed to the public. All Vaishnava temples in India and throughout the world observe this ceremony, and hundreds of people are fed prasada according to the capacity of each temple.
- All About Karttika
- why Krishna devotees consider this to be the holiest month of the year.
- Karttika, the Sale of the Year
- it's like an annual bhakti-yoga "buy one, get one" event.
- Audio: Damodarastakam
- listen, read, and sing along with this song glorifying Krishna's naughty childhood pastimes, which is sung each day during Karttika.
- Diwali and Govardhan-puja
- two widely celebrated Vaishnava festivals happening during the month of Karttika.
- Audio: Binding Krishna, Part One
- a narration of Krishna's pastime of allowing His mother to bind Him with ropes.
- Audio: Binding Krishna, Part Two
- Audio: Lifting Govardhana Hill - Part 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
- the Supreme Person can hold up a mountain for seven days, with His left pinky, without the slightest difficulty.
- Five Days of Diwali
- a collection of info from various Internet sources on celebrating Diwali.