Glossary: T

Takshaka





A winged snake who was protected by his friend Indra from the conflagration of the Khandava forest and who later, by the curse of Sringi, was fated to kill Maharaja Parikshit. Kashyapa Muni tried to stop Takshaka from approaching Parikshit, but Takshaka managed to carry out his mission by bribing the sage.
tamala





Garcinia xanthochymus, cinnamomum tamala, a tree with blackish blue bark resembling the color of Krishna. It is sacred to Vaishnavas and is featured in many of the pastimes of Krishna and His associates
tamas





ignorance; one of the modes of material nature.
tamboura





a stringed instrument played in classical Indian music.
tambula





betel nut.
tamo-guna





Among the three modes of material nature, the mode of darkness. It causes ignorance, delusion, foolishness, and inertia.
tantras





Scriptures that teach mantra chanting and Deity worship, especially for persons not initiated into study of the original Vedas. There are separate tantras for Vaishnavas and Saivites. The most important Vaishnava tantras are the Pancaratra Agamas.
Tapas (Tapoloka)





The planet of renounced sages, above Svarga, Jana, and Mahar, where exalted persons such as the four Kumaras reside.
tapas





Lit., “heat.” Austerity, or trouble undertaken voluntarily for a higher purpose.
tapasvi





One who perfoms tapas (austerities).
tapasya





austerity.
Tapoloka-vasis





The residents of Tapoloka.
tattva-jnana





“Scientific knowledge” of one’s relationship with the Supreme, the means of reviving that relationship, and the perfection achieved by that means.
Tattva-sandarbha





one of the seven sandarbhas written by Srila Jiva Goswami as his commentary on Srimad-Bhagavatam.
Teachings of Lord Chaitanya
Srila Prabhupada’s summary study of Lord Chaitanya’s instructions.
tejas





strength, or power.
Tenth Canto
the part of the Srimad-Bhagavatam describing the most confidential pastimes of Lord Krishna.
tika





commentary.
tilaka





Auspicious marks, of sacred clay and other substances, applied daily on the forehead (and sometimes on various limbs as well) to dedicate one’s body to God.
tirtha





Literally, the ford of a river. A holy place, especially one at which pilgrims bathe for purification.
Tirtha-shrava





name of Vishnu meaning one who receives prayers offered at holy places.
Tota-gopinatha temple





a temple in Jagannatha Puri near the tomb of Haridasa Thakura.
Treta (-yuga)





The second of the four repeating ages that form the basic cycles of universal time. During its 1,296,000 years, the mode of passion comes into prominence. The system of Vedic fire sacrifices is developed elaborately during the Treta-yuga.
tribhanga





lit., “bent in three places.” Refers to the three curves of Lord Krishna’s posture as He plays upon His flute.
tridandi-bhikshu swami





a Vaishnava sannyasi who lives by begging.
tridandi





lit., “three sticks.” The danda, or staff, composed of three long sticks tied together, carried by Vaishnava sannyasis.
Trinavarta





A demon friend of Kamsa’s who assumed the form of a whirlwind and entered Vraja to kill Krishna but instead was killed by Him.
Tripura





Three flying cities built by Maya Danava for the three sons of the demon Taraka. These aerial fortresses rendered the enemies of the demigods invincible, until the secret was discovered that Lord Siva could destroy the cities with a single arrow at the rare moment when they conjoined in a straight line.
Tuladhara





A saintly businessman of ancient Kashi who taught religious principles to the sage Jajali, earning them both entry into Vaikuntha.
tulasi





The sacred plant most beloved of Krishna. Tulasi is a form of the gopi Vrinda, the expansion of Srimati Radharani who owns the Vrindavana forest. Without the leaves of the tulasi plant, no offering of food is accepted by Lord Vishnu, and no worship to Him is complete.
tulasi-mala





A strand of beads made of wood from the sacred tulasi plant, which is very dear to Krishna. Vaishnavas wear a small mala on their necks as a sign of submission to Krishna and carry a larger mala with which to count the Lord’s names they have vowed to recite.