Glossary: U

Uddhava
One of Krishna’s closest friends, His most confidential adviser in Mathura and Dvaraka.

uddipana
A category of bhava which means “that which lights the lamp of bhakti.

Ugrasena
The Bhoja king of Mathura whose throne was usurped by his son Kamsa but restored by Krishna after Krishna killed Kamsa.

Ugrashrava
See Suta Gosvami.

Ujjvala
the mood of conjugal love with the Lord.

Uma
Parvati, the eternal consort of Lord Siva.

upadesha
instruction.

Upadeshamrita
The Nectar of Instruction; a practical guide to the development of Krishna consciousness, written by Srila Rupa Goswami.

upadhi
material designation.

Upananda
Nanda Maharaja’s brother.

upanayana
A boy’s investiture with the sacred thread, a ceremony that marks the beginning of his Vedic education.

Upanishads
The philosophical chapters of the Vedas, organized into 108 books. They are also called Vedanta, meaning “the culmination of Vedic knowledge,” and were explained systematically by Dvaipayana Vyasa in his Vedanta-sutra.

Upapuranas
Minor Puranas.

Upendra
another name of Lord Vamana, meaning “the younger brother of Indra.”

Uragas
The Naga race of divine serpents who live in the sub-terranean region of Patala.

Usha
The daughter of the demon Bana who fell in love with Krishna’s grandson Aniruddha.

utsaha
enthusiasm.

utsaha-mayi
lit., “false enthusiasm.” Self confidence based on insufficient realization.

uttama
topmost or highest.

uttama-adhikari
a topmost devotee.

Uttamashloka
a name of Krishna; “He who is praised with transcendental song or poetry.”

Uttara
King Virata’s daughter, the wife of Arjuna’s son Abhimanyu. Krishna entered her womb to save her son, Parikshit, the last heir to the Kuru throne.